Real Planetary Nebulae (April 2015)

Written by Noam Soker on . Posted in News

Ealeal Bear and I suggest that tidal destruction of Earth-like and icy planets near a white dwarf (WD) might lead to the formation of one or more low-mass – Earth-like and lighter – planets in tight orbits around the WD. These are termed daughter-planets from a planet (DPP). More massive planets that contain hydrogen supply the WD with fresh nuclear fuel to reincarnate its stellar-giant phase. The envelope blows a wind to form a nebula that is later ionized by the hot WD. A real planetary nebula (RPN) has been formed. Paper was posted on astro-ph

Forming equatorial rings around dying stars (March 2015)

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Muhammad Akashi, Efrat Sabach, Ohad Yogev and I suggest that clumpy-dense outflowing equatorial rings around evolved giant stars, such as in supzAkashi2015ernova 1987A and the Necklace planetary nebula, are formed by bipolar jets that compress gas toward the equatorial plane. The jets are launched from an accretion disk around a stellar companion. The jets account also for the presence of a bipolar nebula accompanying many of the rings. See Paper.

The circumstellar matter of supernova 2014J and the core-degenerate scenario (February 2015)

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I show that the circumstellar matter of the type Ia supernova 2014J is too massive and its momentum too large to be accounted for by any but the core-degenerate scenario for type Ia supernovae. I conclude that if the absorbing gas originated from the progenitor of SN 2014J, then a common envelope phase took place about 15,000 years ago, leading to the merging of the core with the white dwarf companion, i.e., the core-degenerate scenario. Else, the absorbing material is of interstellar medium origin.  Paper was posted on astro-ph.

A formation scenario for the triple pulsar PSR J0337+1715 (January 2015)

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zPSRJ0337Efrat Sabach and I proposed a scenario for the formation of the pulsar with two white dwarfs (WDs) triple system PSR J0337+1715 where a close binary system is tidally and frictionally destroyed inside the envelope of a massive star that later goes through an accretion induced collapse (AIC) and forms the neutron star (NS). The proposed scenario includes a new ingredient of a binary system that breaks-up inside a common envelope, employs an efficient envelope removal by jets launched by the compact object immersed in the giant envelope, and the newly proposed grazing envelope evolution.

Paper was posted on astro-ph. 

Implications of turbulence for jets in core-collapse supernova explosions (December 2014)

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Avishai Gilkis and I show that turbulence in core collapse supernovae which has been shown recently to ease shock revival can also lead to the formation of intermittent thick accretion disks, or accretion belts, around the newly born neutron star. This is likely to result in jets that explode the star. We strengthen the jittering jets mechanism as a prominent explosion mechanism of massive stars. Paper was posted on astro-ph. 

The fraction of type Ia supernovae exploding inside planetary nebulae (SNIPs) (November 2014)

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Using three independent directions, Danny Tsebrenko and I estimate that the fraction of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) exploding inside planetary nebulae (PNe), termed SNIPsis at least 20%.   One method was to examine  well-resolved supernova remnants where we identify the morphological feature of two opposite `Ears’. We attribute the Ears to features formed during the planetary nebula phase. Below are images taken  from the Chandra SNR Catalog where we marked those with Ears. Paper is on astro-ph.


The Grazing Envelope Evolution (GEE) (October 2014)

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I suggest the  Grazing Envelope Evolution (GEE) as an evolutionary channel that can replace in some cases the common envelope evolution in forming close binary systems.  In the GEE the binary system might be viewed as evolving in a constant state of `just entering a CE phase’. The GEE is made possible only if the companion manages to accreted mass at a high rate and launch jets that remove the outskirts of the giant envelope. The GEE lasts for tens to hundreds of years.  Paper is on astro-ph.

Constraining the double-degenerate scenario for Type Ia supernovae from merger ejected matter (August 2014)

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With student Naveh Levanon and Enrique Garcia-Berro (Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya) we followed the mass blown during the WD-WD merger process in the Double-Degenerate (DD) scenario for type Ia supernovae (SN Ia), and find that the interaction of the SN ejecta with this wind affects the early (<1 day) light curve in a way that may contradict observations, if the detonation occurs during or shortly after the merger (<1 day).

Paper is posted on astro-ph.

Heating Cold Clumps by Jet-inflated Bubbles in Cooling Flow Clusters (March 2014)

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With PhD student Shlomi Hillel we simulate the evolution of dense-cool clumps embedded in the intra-cluster medium (ICM) of cooling flow clusters of galaxies in response to multiple jet-activity cycles, and find that the main heating process of the clumps is mixing with the hot shocked jets’ gas, the bubbles, while shocks have a limited role.  This further suppoets the cold feedback mechanism that I have developed


over the last decade with former postdoc Fabio Pizzolato. Paper is posted on astro-ph