Rescuing the intracluster medium of NGC 5813 (May 2015b)

Written by Noam Soker on . Posted in News

Shlomi HizShlomi2015llel (PhD Student), Assaf Sternberg and I argue that the intracluster medium  (ICM) of the cooling flow galaxy group NGC 5813 is more likely to be heated by mixing of post-shock jets’ gas residing in hot bubbles with the ICM, than by shocks or turbulent-heating. Heating by mixing rescues the outer ICM of NGC 5813 from its predestined fate according to cooling flow feedback scenarios that are based on heating by shocks.  See Paper.

 

 

Massive disk outflows mediated by extreme magnetic fields (May 2015a)

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Sagiv Shiber (a master student), Ron Schreier, and I  argue that magnetic fields amplified within a very high accretion-rate disk around main sequence stars can lead to the formation of massive bipolar outflows that can remove most of the disk’s mass and energy. Such energetic outflows can account for the powering of some eruptive objects, such as merging main sequence stars, major eruptions of luminous blue variables, such as the Great Eruption of Eta Carinae, and other Intermediate Luminosity Optical Transients (ILOTs: see the ILOT site). Such powerful outflows can also supply the extra energy required in the common envelope process and in the grazing envelope evolution of binary systems where the companion is a main sequence star. Paper was posted on astro-ph.

Real Planetary Nebulae (April 2015)

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Ealeal Bear and I suggest that tidal destruction of Earth-like and icy planets near a white dwarf (WD) might lead to the formation of one or more low-mass – Earth-like and lighter – planets in tight orbits around the WD. These are termed daughter-planets from a planet (DPP). More massive planets that contain hydrogen supply the WD with fresh nuclear fuel to reincarnate its stellar-giant phase. The envelope blows a wind to form a nebula that is later ionized by the hot WD. A real planetary nebula (RPN) has been formed. Paper was posted on astro-ph

Forming equatorial rings around dying stars (March 2015)

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Muhammad Akashi, Efrat Sabach, Ohad Yogev and I suggest that clumpy-dense outflowing equatorial rings around evolved giant stars, such as in supzAkashi2015ernova 1987A and the Necklace planetary nebula, are formed by bipolar jets that compress gas toward the equatorial plane. The jets are launched from an accretion disk around a stellar companion. The jets account also for the presence of a bipolar nebula accompanying many of the rings. See Paper.

The circumstellar matter of supernova 2014J and the core-degenerate scenario (February 2015)

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I show that the circumstellar matter of the type Ia supernova 2014J is too massive and its momentum too large to be accounted for by any but the core-degenerate scenario for type Ia supernovae. I conclude that if the absorbing gas originated from the progenitor of SN 2014J, then a common envelope phase took place about 15,000 years ago, leading to the merging of the core with the white dwarf companion, i.e., the core-degenerate scenario. Else, the absorbing material is of interstellar medium origin.  Paper was posted on astro-ph.

A formation scenario for the triple pulsar PSR J0337+1715 (January 2015)

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zPSRJ0337Efrat Sabach and I proposed a scenario for the formation of the pulsar with two white dwarfs (WDs) triple system PSR J0337+1715 where a close binary system is tidally and frictionally destroyed inside the envelope of a massive star that later goes through an accretion induced collapse (AIC) and forms the neutron star (NS). The proposed scenario includes a new ingredient of a binary system that breaks-up inside a common envelope, employs an efficient envelope removal by jets launched by the compact object immersed in the giant envelope, and the newly proposed grazing envelope evolution.

Paper was posted on astro-ph. 

Implications of turbulence for jets in core-collapse supernova explosions (December 2014)

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Avishai Gilkis and I show that turbulence in core collapse supernovae which has been shown recently to ease shock revival can also lead to the formation of intermittent thick accretion disks, or accretion belts, around the newly born neutron star. This is likely to result in jets that explode the star. We strengthen the jittering jets mechanism as a prominent explosion mechanism of massive stars. Paper was posted on astro-ph. 

The fraction of type Ia supernovae exploding inside planetary nebulae (SNIPs) (November 2014)

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Using three independent directions, Danny Tsebrenko and I estimate that the fraction of type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) exploding inside planetary nebulae (PNe), termed SNIPsis at least 20%.   One method was to examine  well-resolved supernova remnants where we identify the morphological feature of two opposite `Ears’. We attribute the Ears to features formed during the planetary nebula phase. Below are images taken  from the Chandra SNR Catalog where we marked those with Ears. Paper is on astro-ph.

 SNIPs

The Grazing Envelope Evolution (GEE) (October 2014)

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I suggest the  Grazing Envelope Evolution (GEE) as an evolutionary channel that can replace in some cases the common envelope evolution in forming close binary systems.  In the GEE the binary system might be viewed as evolving in a constant state of `just entering a CE phase’. The GEE is made possible only if the companion manages to accreted mass at a high rate and launch jets that remove the outskirts of the giant envelope. The GEE lasts for tens to hundreds of years.  Paper is on astro-ph.